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Basar, a valley in the eastern Himalaya is the Headquarters of the Leparada District of the State of Arunachal Pradesh, India. It is geographically located in the center of Arunachal Pradesh. (Coordinates: N27 ° 58.180´ and E094° 41.481´). The indigenous tribe of the place is Galo, one of the 26 major tribes of Arunachal Pradesh. 

Climate: Sub-Tropical.

Temperature: Average annual minimum 15.6 (with daily minimum recorded at 1.2 on 9-12-2013) and Average annual maximum 24.2 (with daily maximum recorded at 39.1 on 20-08-2013). The data is on the basis of recording by ICAR, Basar for the period from 1979-2015.

Forest: Evergreen rain forest. Natural vegetation comprises alpine and sub-alpine, temperate (coniferous), semi evergreen and tropical moist deciduous forests.

Rainfall: 2476 mm. Highest rainfall recorded in a day in last 36 years is 213 mm on 28-08-2008. Soil Type: The texture varies from gravelly loam to gravelly sandy loam, taxonomically classified as Lithic and Typic Udorthents, Entic Haplumbrepts, Dystrict Eutrochrepts, Unbric and typic Dystrochrepts. The soils are strong to moderately acidic in nature, rich in organic matter and generally have low base saturation except some soils in summits and ridges. How to reach Basar: By road, nearest town in Assam is Silapathar under Dhemaji District, which is 87 Km away. Silapathar has double lane road connectivity with rest of the country. Basar has a single lane road connectivity as of now but the construction of double lane road to Basar is being undertaken by the National Highways & Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways. It is learnt that by 2019, the work shall be completed. Silapathar is connected with broad gauge railways too. Nearest Airport is at Mohanbari, Dibrugarh, Assam. If Bogibeel bridge that is being constructed over Brahmaputra river is completed by next year as reported, then, it would be hardly 50 km away from Silapathar and about 135 Km from Basar. There are regular commercial flights on daily basis from Mohanbari to Delhi, Kolkata and Guwahati etc.

Accomodation Available :

Transport facility: There are regular Bus services & Light vehicle passenger services from Basar & via Basar to various towns in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.

Hospital: Community Health Centre with 10 doctors’ i/c 2 specialists; a Gynecologist & an Orthopedic is available. There is also a private clinic operated by the first specialist doctor of Arunachal Pradesh, Dr Tajum Basar, who retired as the Director Health Services Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh. Further, there is a hospital operational under Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) premise.

Police: Headed by a Superintendent of Police. Contact details-+91 70858 83896 (OC PS Basar) | 03795-226240 ( Police Station Basar)